The Ontario Aboriginal HIV/AIDS Strategy (OAHAS) was implemented in 1995 and has consistently evolved since then to respond to the changing epidemic within the Aboriginal population. The Strategy has embraced two fundamental principles since its inception. The first being a recognition that OAHAS is a distinct strategy based on the distinct needs of Aboriginal people.  While issues and factors related to the disease may be similar to the mainstream population, Aboriginal differences must be respected. The second principle is the principle of the Greater Involvement of People Living with HIV/AIDS (GIPA) that strives to “strengthen the capacity and coordination of networks of people living with HIV/AIDS and community-based organizations”.

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